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Davitt Tarmac Wicklow

What Is An Atomic Clock?

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293

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The first atomic clock came into existence in 1949. The U.S. National Bureau of standards was the home of this prototype of modern atomic clocks.


atomic clock, clocks

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The first atomic clock came into existence in 1949. The U.S. National Bureau of standards was the home of this prototype of modern atomic clocks. The first accurate atomic clock was designed in 1955. This clock was based upon the transition of the caesium-133 atom. The discovery of this technology was the basis if the internationally agreed upon second. The United States has an official clock, an atomic clock, that is responsible for the accuracy of time throughout the country and is working in conjunction with clocks around the world to ensure that time is kept in unison across the globe.

Today we can find atomic clocks for our homes, offices, and electronic devices. These highly popular clocks can be purchased from your local retailers or from reputable online merchants who specialize in bringing you only the best, most precise timepieces around. Various styles and designs will make it easy for you to choose the atomic clock that best suits your needs. The atomic clocks used by government entities are by far the most accurate, but personal atomic clocks are highly reliable and you will be certain that you always know exactly what time it is at any given moment.

When shopping for an atomic clock, keep in mind that versions available to the general public are not suitable for scientific calculations, but instead a personal asset and a symbol of precise decisiveness. You can find an atomic clock in any price range and in many styles. An atomic clock makes a great conversation piece and will be a stylish addition to your home or office. Taste, style, and precision are what you will find when you begin your search for the perfect atomic clock. Great deals and numerous choices are a click away.

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Roofing Kildare

ARK Quality Composite Decking

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967

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Composite decking has more advantages over pressure treated pine decking. The material is harder and won t dent, and they are approved for fire-rated construction.


cedar siding, composite decking, deck building, wood siding, cedar lumber, railing, siding, trim, millwork,decking

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Thinking of buying new home decking? You should be aware there are new, attractive alternatives to wood decks. These deck building products provide increased durability as well as extremely low maintenance. You ll appreciate the new styles and colors which are a break from the humdrum, common deck materials that homeowners are tired of seeing. Consumers are looking for something different this year.

Today s deck deck building manufacturers are producing a wide array of new synthetic, plastic, and composite decking materials. New composite products are actually combining the best qualities of wood with the strength and durability of synthetic materials.

Composite Decks

Composite decks (sometimes referred to as an engineered product) are manufactured using a variety of combinations of components such as wood fibers, fillers, and binders. These components of composite decking are heated and compressed into the base composite decking boards. They offer a very durable exterior surface that is difficult to discolor and scratch, and which is easy to clean. Composite decks also resist shrinking and swelling better than natural wood decking products.

Composite decking has more advantages over pressure treated pine decking. The material is harder and won t dent, and they are approved for fire-rated construction. Wood products will burn and plastic-based products will melt or warp when exposed to a significant heat source. Over a ten year period, your house decking will take a great deal of punishing use and weather. This physical beating which includes people walking and jumping on it, intense sunshine, barbecue grease burns, and rain with high winds, will wear down even the strongest of wood deck materials. Composite decks keep their beautiful appearance for many years to come with minimal maintenance. A simple pressure washing once a year is all that s required.

Wood decking products have a unique set of limitations that might make you think twice about purchasing it for your home. Wood can rot; invite bug infestations, shrink, and swell when subjected to rain, then hot dry weather, thus loosening fasteners that hold it securely. That s when squeaky, loose boards become an annoying feature of your deck, along with nails that stick up and present a real safety and health hazard. LP Weatherbest Decks from Boston Cedar holds fasteners strongly and securely.

Installation of composite decking is a breeze. These products were designed to enable easy cutting for the deck installers. Composite s strength presents innumerably creative options that aren t possible with expensive wood decks. This is contributing to the creative deck design boom in homes across America. Large decks would require extensive refinishing through the years and hiring a deck refinisher every year is not something most people would consider. If you re thinking of building a multilevel or other creative type of deck, composite decking is the right choice.

LP Weatherbest Decking sold by Boston Cedar uses reversible deck boards which offer a choice of woodgrain or rough sawn faces. They are low maintenance and come with an excellent warranty. Composite Decking becomes much more affordable for today’s deck projects when you consider the extra long life and the low maintenance features. Large wood decks require extensive refinishing over the years which will add to the overall cost.

Composite Decking comes in a number of different colors that can match or complement any home’s decor and style. In the case of Boston Cedar, they sell LP Weatherbest Decking products in four different colors…Driftwood Grey, Pacific Cedar, Redwood and Tuscan Walnut. Each deck board is reversible with a woodgrain face on one side and a rough sawn face on the other without any grain.

Choosing Decking

Your choice of decking will influence the overall appearance of your home and ultimately, its resale value. Homeowners today are a different breed than those of the past. Very few people live in their homes forever. Most move to new locations to take advantage of job opportunities or need a new home to suit their suit their ever-changing family situation. Consumers today have also become bored with treated pine.

At some point, homeowners will sell their home. The quality and appearance of the decking and its suitability for their home, property and geographical location will affect the resale value of the home. The home buyer will not want to be faced with a series of expensive home improvements. With composite materials, homeowners can afford to build a bigger deck, and one with more creative designs. The scarcity of expensive woods is not a problem when you re building composite decks.

LP Weatherbest Decking from Boston Cedar

A Massachusetts-based composite decking distributor named Boston Cedar provides a quality line of composite deck boards. Boston Cedar’s LP Weatherbest Decking is a superior product that combines the appearance of natural wood with the strength and durability of an engineered material. LP Weatherbest Decking from Boston Cedar is the first choice for quality New England lumberyards serving deck building companies and deck designers.

Outback Decking

If wood decking is still the only type for you, Boston Cedar also has the amazing Outback Decking product. This beautiful deck material is made from Red Meranti, a type of wood that has rot and mildew resistant qualities that are normally only found in woods such as cedar. Outback decking is a premier deck product. It is a sealed deck material that reduces moisture related deck problems, splits, and face checks. It can be refinished with virtually any refinishing product in the years to come.

Boston Cedar is the key distributor for LP Weatherbest products in the Eastern United States region. Check out Bostoncedar.com for more information on the best composite decking. They also carry a line of exterior trim and deck railing stock that can add to your home s d cor. They are about more than just decks.

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QDD

QD Domestic Energy Conservation Measures

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1302

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Domestic Energy Conservation Measures


Domestic, Energy Conservation, energy

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Lighting

Don’t leave lights on when no one is in the room. If you are going to be out of the room for more than five minutes, turn off the light.

If you know of a light that everyone fgov.inets to turn off, make a sticker or a sign to hang next to the switch that says “Lights Out!” or “Don’t Fgov.inet!”

Where possible, use compact fluorescent light bulbs. Those funny-looking bulbs produce the same amount of light by using 1/4 of the electricity. Plus, they last for years and years without burning out.

Make lighting control as local as possible

Adopt light coloured walls and ceilings

Think about illumination concept & lighting control system for a new installation well in advance

Maximise the use of daylight

Replace lamps after failure by new energy efficient types (like the 36 W fluorescent lamps) and use the right type of lamps for the right purpose (don’t use the CFLs in bathrooms, store rooms, etc., where switching frequency is more and usage time is less)

Ensure the correct disposal of lamps, particularly the fluorescent ones which result in mercury pollution

Switch off lights when it is not needed

Keep room surfaces, lamps and shades clean

Fridge

Refrigerator not to be installed in areas where temperature is comparatively high or where there is no proper ventilation to carry away the heat from the condensor coils.

Switch off your refrigerator when you go on holidays provided no decay prone materials are inside.

Periodically clean the freezer

The choice of a refrigerator or a freezer is difficult because of the varieties and makes that are available.

Determine the right size, type and features depending upon our requirement (and not according to what our neighbours/relatives/friends possess).

Note that any additional comfort feature may consume more power and therefore more running cost.

Ask for the energy consumption figure for different models before finally taking a decision.

Do not put meals or drinks in a refrigerator

Choose the right temperature

Do not leave the door open for a long time

Do not frequently open and close the door; proper planning would help in this

Cover the cooked meals when you put them in the refrigerator

Audio and Video

The size of the equipment purchased should meet the requirements as closely as possible.

Wide screen televisions with stereo or surround sound are less energy efficient than televisions with more basic functions.

We should insist that suppliers provide full details of energy consumption and name plate ratings.

Do not leave televisions, video cassette recorders or music system on standby. Leaving any equipment in standby mode is wastage of energy.

Televisions, video cassette recorders and music system require almost no time to become fully operational and should not be left in standby mode. (off using remote controls).

Computers

Do not turn on your computer until you need to use it, and turn it off when you are finished.

Set your computer to go into “sleep” mode when not in use.

Computer peripherals such as scanners and printers also consume electricity; turn them off when they are not being used.

Take advantage of the energy saving features like an energy saving screen saver that will automatically put the monitor into sleep mode after a specified period of inactivity.

A computer with a low-profile or “small form factor” chassis generally consumes less energy than a mini-tower or full-sized desktop machine. (The larger machines require more robust power supplies to accommodate expansion options such as additional drives or plug-in cards. Often the expansion capabilities are not used.) Laptop computers are even more efficient.

Flat-panel displays, although more expensive than conventional (CRT) monitors, are far more energy efficient. They are also more space efficient.

A shared, networked printer can be more efficient than purchasing a personal printer for each individual in an office. Also consider getting a printer with duplex capability to allow printing on both sides of a sheet of paper. Finally, if you are looking for a personal printer, note that inkjet printers consume much less electricity than laser printers.

Configuring a computer to save electricity is easy. Activate your computer’s power management features by following the Windows configuration instructions below

Windows 98/ME/2000/XP:
1. Click the Start menu and select “Settings”
2. Select “Control Panel”
3. In the window that opens, double-click “Power Management”
4. Click the “Power Schemes” tab at the top of the window
5. Select “Home/Office Desk”
6. Set “Turn off monitor” and/or “Turn off hard disks” to 30 minutes

Don’t Leave Things Turned On

Turn off the TV when no one is watching it. The same goes for computers, radios and stereos – if no one is using it, turn it off. Turn off all the appliances at the surge protector/control strip – that four- or six-plug extension chord that you plug all your computer attachments. Some devices, like modems or other networking boxes are drawing small amounts of power all the time. The best thing to do is turn them ALL off at the surge protector, after use.

In the Bathroom

Wasting water wastes electricity. Why? Because the biggest use of electricity in most cities is for pumping and supplying water.

About 75 percent of the water we use in our homes is used in the bathroom. If you have a high flush toilet, you use about 15 liters to 25 liters of water with every flush! A leaky toilet can waste more than 40000 liters of water a year.

Another simple way to save water AND energy is to take shorter showers. You’ll use less hot water; water heaters account for nearly 1/4 of your home’s energy use and increases electricity bill.

In the Kitchen

If you need to warm up or defrost small amounts of food, use a microwave instead of the stove to save energy. Microwave ovens use around 50 percent less energy than conventional ovens do. For large meals, however, the stove is usually more efficient. In the summer, using a microwave causes less heat in the kitchen, which saves money on air conditioning.

Don’t keep the refrigerator door open any longer than you need to. Close it to keep the cold air inside! Also, make sure the door closes securely.

Is there an old refrigerator sitting in someplace at home? Old refrigerators are real energy hogs! Replace it if you don’t need it.
One large refrigerator is cheaper to run than two smaller ones.

Think About What Your Family Buys

If you buy things that can be used over and over instead of buying disposable items that are used once and then thrown away, you will save precious natural resources. You’ll also save energy used to make them, and you’ll reduce the amount of landfill space, we need when they are thrown away.

Those same savings happen when you buy things that will last instead of breaking right away. Well-made items may cost a little more to begin with, but they are usually worth the money because they last for a long time, and you don’t have to replace them.

When your family goes shopping, think about taking bags with you to reduce wastage of plastic carry bags.

Pick a spot in your house to store bags that you get from the grocery store. These bags can be used to carry things to friends’ houses or for trash linings.

Other Recycling Tips

Make a scrap-paper pad. Gather pieces of used paper with the blank side up. Find a piece of cardboard of the same size as the paper and put it at the back. Staple the whole thing together, and use it as a place to write down grocery lists or things to do.

You can save a tree for every four feet of paper you recycle. It takes half as much energy to make recycled newspaper as it takes to make fresh newsprint from trees.

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Roofing Wicklow

ARW Kitchen Cabinets Cleaning Tips

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527

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The kitchen cabinets are located in one of the most dirt prone areas of the home, the kitchen. Grease, food spills and splattered food result from cooking. In addition, dirty or sticky hands from both children and adults can be disastrous for your cabinetry.

Choosing Cleaning Products

Regular cleaning can help reduce the build up on cabinets and makes it easier to remove. The cleaning method you will use depends on the materials in your kitchen doors. Painted surfaces, …


kitchen cabinets,kitchen remodeling,home improvement,cabinets,

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The kitchen cabinets are located in one of the most dirt prone areas of the home, the kitchen. Grease, food spills and splattered food result from cooking. In addition, dirty or sticky hands from both children and adults can be disastrous for your cabinetry.

Choosing Cleaning Products

Regular cleaning can help reduce the build up on cabinets and makes it easier to remove. The cleaning method you will use depends on the materials in your kitchen doors. Painted surfaces, vinyl or metal can be cleaned with detergent and warm water. Be sure to rinse well with plain water and dry with a lint free cloth.

All purpose cleaners can generally be used on these surfaces. Read the label carefully before using any product on your cabinetry. Information is included for consumers regarding surfaces where a cleaner is safe and those it can damage. To be sure, always test the cleaner on an inconspicuous area before using on the entire cabinet. Rinse and dry to remove any residue.

Sensitivity to chemicals and concern for the environment has some people concerned about using household chemicals. There are environmentally friendly alternatives right in your own kitchen. White vinegar or lemon juice can be mixed with water to clean grease from cabinets. Baking soda or club soda can be used to remove staining. Rinse with water and dry with a lint free cloth after cleaning.

Cleaning Wood Kitchen Cabinets

Spray cleaners that are made for wood furniture can be used on cabinets. Check to be sure the product you purchase is safe for your finish. Follow the directions carefully when using any cleaning product. It s always a good idea to test a spot before using the cleaner, even if the can states that it s good for your finish.

Some wood cleaners are flammable. This information will be included on the warning label. Don t smoke cigarettes when using these products. Keep them away from flame or other heat sources. Pay special attention to this warning if you have a gas stove or other ARWpliance with a pilot light. A spark could be ignited, causing a fire in the kitchen.

Cleaning wood cabinets can sometimes dull the finish. If this hARWpens, you can restore the shine with furniture polish. Furniture wax can also be used to fix a dull finish. Some of these products will require buffing. It s a good idea to polish wood cabinets regularly to preserve the wood and keep the shine.

Cleaning Hardware on Kitchen Cabinets

The hardware on your cabinets can get the same build up of grease and grime from foods. Remove the hardware before cleaning the cabinets. Clean the cabinets and then clean the hardware. When both have been cleaned, replace the handles on the cabinets and drawers. This will give your whole kitchen a lift.

The cleaner you should use for your hardware depends on the material. Cleaners and polishes are commercially available for every type of metal. Be sure the one you choose is suitable for your hardware. Using the wrong cleaner could damage the handles and cost you money in replacing them. Follow the directions on the label for cleaning.

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DPC

DPC Hot Tips for Styling up Your Fireplace Mantel

Word Count:
611

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Fireplace mantels provide an ideal focal point in a room, but in many homes this results in a missed opportunity. Instead, the mantel becomes a dusty shelf covered with family photos and knickknacks. Sometimes when a certain area of the house has looked the same for a long time, we get used to it. We don’t stop to think of what it could be.


home design, fire places, home renovations, home remodeling

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Fireplace mantels provide an ideal focal point in a room, but in many homes this results in a missed opportunity. Instead, the mantel becomes a dusty shelf covered with family photos and knickknacks. Sometimes when a certain area of the house has looked the same for a long time, we get used to it. We don’t stop to think of what it could be.

The best way to begin a new creation is with a blank canvas. Clean everything off the mantle and dust off the cobwebs. Here are some tips for deciding what gets displayed and how.

Try leaning pieces of art and/or mirrors on the mantle as opposed to hanging them. Put the largest piece up first, slightly off center, and overlap the other pieces gradually. This gives the effect that you added them randomly through the years.

If you want to hang above a mantle, create a wallpaper effect by hanging a number of nearly identical pieces in a grid like fashion. They should start just above the shelf and go almost up to the ceiling.
Black and white photographs in the same style or by the same artist give a bold and dramatic effect.

If you re hanging a simple painting or mirror above a fireplace, always include a sculpture or a 2-dimensional piece of art on the shelf to add interest.

Display collections by grouping them with other similar colors or themes. For example, a collection of bottles or a display of all white vases varying in shapes and sizes. Combining too many mediums will create a cluttered effect; as would a large collection of small ornaments.

Try an absence of decor for a totally different approach. Paint the wall behind the fireplace a bold color, and let that become your focal paint. Place a simple vase or a cluster of tea lights on the mantel.

The classic use of candles for decorating a mantel never goes out of style. Make it interesting by creating a variety of heights and sizes; for example, try balancing a tall vase on one end with a small candle grouping on the other. A tiered arrangement also provides visual interest, lit or unlit. A simple version is to display glass blocks, stacking them at varying heights and directions, and then place simple votive candles on the blocks.

Eye catching floral displays whether silk or real, with a showy vase create a stunning focal point on a mantel.

Try combining different textures or styles for a varied look. Decorating a modern fireplace with antique accents can be very dramatic.

If you find yourself stumped, try using the Three Plus One decorating trick. Choose three objects that share a common theme or color. For a rec room you may choose a framed sports print and some beer steins. For a beach home, you may consider some coral, seashells or a model ship. Whatever you choose, it should fit the theme of the room and reflect your interests. Line them up in an interesting way, perhaps bringing one forward or overlapping them slightly. Leave a bit of space after the last object so that you have some space at the end of the mantel. Next, select one larger object, generally at least double the size of your three objects, placing it at the other end of the shelf. It should have something in common with the other items; a common theme or color.

When it comes to decorating, don’t get discouraged; you may not know exactly what the finished product will look like, but the important thing is trying lots of different approaches, and then suddenly you’ll find the look that fits.